Cancer is a term for a large group of diseases caused when abnormal cells multiply rapidly, and spread to other organs and tissues. Cancer is one of the leading causes in the world.
Types of Cancer
Cancers are named for the area in which type of cell they are made of and in which they begin, even if they spread to other parts of the body. For instance, a cancer that begins in the lungs and spreads to the liver is still called lung cancer. There are also other clinical terms used for particular general types of cancer.
- Leukemia is a cancer in the bone marrow, which creates blood cells.
- Sarcoma is a cancer in the connective tissues, such as muscles, bones, cartilage, and blood vessels.
- Myeloma and lymphoma are cancers in the immune system.
- Carcinoma is a cancer that starts in the tissues or the skin that line other organs.
Treatment and Risk Factors
The main cause of cancer is changes to the DNA in your cells. They can also take place after birth due to environmental forces. Some of these include:
- Being exposed to radiation
- Unprotected exposure to the sun
- Lifestyle choices, such as level of physical activity and type of diet
Risks of cancer tend to increase with age. Some health conditions which exist cause inflammation may also increase the risk of developing cancer. An example is ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease.
Knowing the risk factors that cause cancer can help you live a healthy lifestyle that reduces your risk of developing cancer. According to experts, these are seven of the ways to prevent cancer:
- Avoid secondhand smoke and stop using any tobacco-related products.
- Maintain a healthy and well-balanced diet.
- Limit your intake on processed foods.
- Avoid drinking alcohol, or drink moderately.
- Stay active and maintain a healthy weight by having at least 30 minutes of physical activity every day.
- Stay protected from the heat of the sun.
- Cover up with a hat, sunglasses, clothing, and apply sunscreen often.
- Avoid sunlight and tanning beds, since they can damage your screen as well as the sun.
- Meet with your doctor on a regular basis so they can screen you for different types of cancer.
- Refrain from engaging in risky behaviors. Don’t share needles when using prescription medications or drugs and practice safe sex.
- Get vaccinated against viral infections that may lead to cancer, such as HPV and hepatitis B.
Click this link to visit the Cancer Prevention section for more helpful information.
Treatment to cancer has different goals, and it depends how advanced the cancer is and its type. These goals include:
- Finding a cure
- Providing standard treatment
- Providing adjuvant treatment
- Providing palliative treatment
The most common types of treatment are:
- Chemotherapy – Uses medications that are toxic to cells to kill fast-multiplying cancer cells.
- Surgery – Removes as much of the cancer as possible.
- Biological Therapy (or Immunotherapy) – Uses antibodies to help one’s immune system recognize cancer so it can fight it off.
- Bone Marrow Transplant – Repairs diseased bone marrow with healthy stem cells. These transplants allow doctors to use higher doses of chemotherapy to treat the cancer.
- Alternative Medicine
Used to reduce the side effects of cancer treatments and signs of cancer, such as fatigue, nausea, and pain. Alternative medicine are as follows:
- Relaxation techniques